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What Is A Heat Pump Water Heater And How Does It Work?

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Most households nowadays have heard of a heat pump water heater by now. But do you know how it actually works? With advancements and innovations in technology, heat pump water heaters are now more efficient than ever. They also have an amazing lifespan of about 10 to 15 years! Let's discuss what a heat pump water heater is, how it works, its pros and cons, and some tips when purchasing a new one.

what is a heat pump water heater?


What Is A Heat Pump Water Heater?

The majority of households are familiar with heat pump technology as it refers to home heating and cooling. The same technology is used to heat water in a heat pump water heater, resulting in an efficiency rate that is 2-3 times that of a standard and regular electric water heater. Popular heat pump water heaters on the market today combine a storage tank, compressor, and fan into one unit, and although they are more expensive, many utility providers will give discounts that reduce the overall costs significantly. Not to mention their lifespan and warranties that go beyond 10 years for some providers!


How Does a Heat Pump Water Heater Work?

Before jumping into the pros and cons of using a heat pump water heater, let us discuss how they function first. It is no secret that a lot of science went behind the innovation of these water heaters. They started out as small and portable but as time went on, they got bigger and bigger until they eventually needed a dedicated spot at your home in order to function. There are still water heaters that are portable for sale, but these heat pump water heaters work differently and much more efficiently.


Heat is produced by most water heaters using gas or electricity, but heat pump water heaters are different because they don't produce any heat at all, in reality. To get the job done, they move heat from one position to another - but how does that work? They draw heat from the atmosphere. The water in the unit's storage tank is then supplied to this. As a result, they may not perform as well in colder climates or in rooms that aren't heated or insulated.


Pros and Cons of Getting a Heat Pump Water Heater

As with any trend, there are going to be several pros and cons that you may want to consider when getting a heat pump water heater. Keeping these in mind will help you decide whether it's worth getting one for your home.



Energy-wise, they are very efficient.

These heat pump water heaters can save you hundreds and thousands of dollars every year with how efficient they are. They do not need to worry about generating heat since they siphon the heat around their environment, which is good news for your electric bill!


Their lifespan and warranties are much longer than other appliances.

The average household appliance has a lifespan of around 7 to 8 years. Of course, this is dependent on how you treat, maintain, and use them. With heat pump water heaters though, you do not have to worry about them breaking 1 or even 3 years into their lifespan. A typical heat pump water heater should last you about 10 to 15 years if taken care of correctly. This can even go higher when you get them checked for maintenance and such. Read this article: 

How Often Should A Heat Pump Be Serviced?


Another thing that is as long as their lifespan are their warranties. A typical warranty of a heat pump water heater is 5-6 years, with some expensive models reaching up to 12 years! This means that even if your heater breaks, you won't need to sweat about paying for anything. Your warranty will probably last before your water heater gives its life up.



They can get very expensive.

Yes, they save on electricity, but what you save on electricity will also come back with your initial investment while buying it. The average cost of today's heat pump water heaters is around $2000 and above, not including installation fees which can range from $300 to $650. This can bring your total to $3000 to $4000, while best models can skyrocket up to $5000. They are definitely worth the investment because of how much you'll save on electricity and the environment in the long run, but with that price tag, you should be sure that your household could really make use of it.


When demand is high, they might not be able to keep up.

Heat pump water eaters are efficient with electricity and what they do, but if you're with a big family, then you might find that your water heater may need some time to recover before heating up again.

Things to look out for when purchasing a heat pump water heater


Heat Pump Water Heater Buying Guide

Before buying a heat pump water heater, you should consider the following:



Make sure your water heater is the perfect size for your household. You wouldn't want to spend a fortune just to figure out it doesn't fit your basement! A good rule of thumb is to take measurements around your house first or even just the location of where you'll be storing it and base your choice on that.


Fuel Availability and Type

Choosing the right type of fuel will also be paramount to saving money. Conducting ample research behind the several fuel types is key so that you won't be confused when the time comes to choose a fuel type or energy source.


Energy Factor

The energy factor of a heat pump water heater is another important factor to look out for when buying one. They are going to be indicators of how much you'll be able to save in the long run. More expensive models will be more efficient in energy savings of course, but you'll also need to keep in mind the next factor which is your overall costs.


Overall Costs

As mentioned earlier, the overall costs of these heaters can go up to $5000. That's a lot of money, but because of their efficiency and long-term savings, they can be a very good investment for your household. If you are a large family who loves showering with hot water, then getting one might be a good option.

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